Ever wondered what those white spots are on your teeth?


There are many reasons for the appearance of white spots on your teeth. When there’s a disruption to the tooth-development process, white spots can set in on the surface, but not a shade of white that blends in with the rest of your teeth.
Bacterial acids can cause white spots as they begin to dissolve tooth enamel and lead to decay

Here are more possible causes of these white blemishes:



Fluorosis happens when large amounts of fluoride are ingested when teeth are still forming. This usually has a combination of sources: excessive fluoridated water, certain supplements and swallowing fluoride toothpaste, for example. Although fluoride helps make teeth more resistant to decay, too much is just as hazardous, causing enamel discoloration that can appear chalky white, yellow or even brown.

Enamel Hypoplasia

Enamel hypoplasia results from nutritional deficiencies, high fever and medicinal side effects, as well as premature births and prenatal smoking. Research suggests areas of enamel hypoplasia are less mineralized and, therefore, more prone to decay. The enamel looks a lot like fluorosis, with spots varying from milky white to brownish or yellow. Enamel hypoplasia, however, may still have a more linear appearance.


The demineralization of tooth enamel takes place when bacterial plaque is allowed to accumulate on the teeth. Usually due to inadequate brushing, it is frequently a problem for children and adults who wear braces. White areas of decalcification are permanent, and they do lead to decay if not kept clean.


A number of approaches can help eliminate white spots, but the best procedure will depend on th severity of your condition and how much it costs to treat. Here are some options to discuss with your dentist:


This procedure involves gently removing a thin layer of surface enamel, thereby improving the appearance of your teeth. It’s often combined with tooth-whitening treatments for a truly high-quality aesthetic.

Teeth Whitening

Tooth whitening can help balance the color of your tooth enamel. Discuss the option with our dentists.

Porcelain veneers

This is an excellent option when you have significant patches of discoloration that can’t be eliminated with bleaching alone. Custom fabricated with thin layers of ceramic material, veneers are bonded to the front of your teeth. Minimal tooth structure is removed to fit a veneer and the end result is natural-looking teeth that resist future stains.


-If you’re expecting a baby, talk with your dentist or obstetrician about fluoride intake and any medications that could interfere with your child’s developing teeth.

-Are you a smoker? Now’s a good time to start the process of quitting. Children under the age of six can incur these spots too, and should therefore use only pea-sized amounts of fluoride toothpaste (make sure they don’t swallow).

-If your tap water is fluoridated, and most are, check these levels and discuss the need for fluoride supplements with your dentist. Keep in mind bottled water, formulas, drinks and many foods may contain fluoride as well.

Please call our friendly Dental team to make an appointment so we can discuss your dental needs on 02 4869 3111.



57-59 Elizabeth Street

Moss Vale NSW 2577

(02) 4869 3111

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